Design Sprint could not have existed without Design Thinking. Design Thinking was in the wake of Stanford University in the heart of Silicon Valley. Tom & David Kelley founded the IDEO company specializing in the creation of physical products. Like today's startups, they created multidisciplinary teams (ethnologists, designers, marketing specialists ...) to solve problems or design innovative products.
The 5 stages of Design thinking are:
empathy, understand the context of the user
define, what are the problems encountered
ideate, and imagine new solutions
prototype, the most interesting solutions
test, with real users and improve the product thanks to their feedbacks
One of the things companies are struggling with when it comes to integrating Design Thinking is that it's more of a philosophy than a true "out of the box" method. This is precisely the value of Design Sprint.
The Design Sprint offers a very precise setting, a timebox with a succession of clear and comprehensible exercises. Every day is rhythmic and the work progresses quickly. At the end of Sprint, the results are visible and artifacts such as prototypes or videos of the tests can be presented internally, as well as to external partners.
The Design Sprint takes the principles of Design Thinking, but is eminently pragmatic.
The Sprintmaster will ensure that time is well used and that the return on investment of these 5 days is maximum.